Further Reading

Eagan, B., Rogers, B., Serlin, R., Ruis, A. R., Arastoopour Irgens, G., & Shaffer, D. W. (2017). Can we rely on IRR? Testing the assumptions of inter-rater reliability. Paper presented at the 12th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, Philadelphia, PA.  41-512

Gee, J. P. (1991). A linguistic approach to narrative. Journal of Narrative and Life History, 1(1), 15–39. 41-512

Geertz, C. (1973a). Deep play: Notes on the Balinese cockfight. In The interpretation of cultures: Selected essays (pp. 412–453). New York: Basic Books. pdficon_small

Geertz, C. (1973c). Thick description: Toward an interpretive theory of culture. In The interpretation of cultures: Selected essays (pp. 3–30). New York: Basic Books. pdficon_small

Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. L. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory: Strategies for qualitative research. Aldine de Gruyter. 41-512

Glesne, C. (1999). Becoming qualitative researchers: An introduction. New York: Longman. 41-512

Goffman, E. (1974). Frame analysis: An essay on the organization of experience. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.  41-512

Goodwin, C. (1994). Professional vision. American Anthropologist, 96(3), 606–633.  pdficon_small

Hatfield, D. (2015). The right kind of telling an analysis of feedback and learning in a journalism epistemic game. International Journal of Gaming and Computer-Mediated Simulations, 7(2), 1–23.pdficon_small

Herrenkohl, L. R., & Cornelius, L. (2013). Investigating elementary students’ scientific and historical argumentation. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 22(3), 413–461.  pdficon_small

Hutchby, I. (1996). Power in discourse: The case of arguments on a British talk radio show. Discourse and Society, 7(4), 481–497.  pdficon_small

Hutchins, E. (1995a). Cognition in the wild. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.  41-512

Hutchins, E. (1995b). How a cockpit remembers its speeds. Cognitive Science, 19(3), 265–288. pdficon_small

Kurasaki, K. S. (2000). Intercoder reliability for validating conclusions drawn from open-ended interview data. Field Methods, 12(3), 179–194.  pdficon_small

Kushnir, T., Xu, F., & Wellman, H. M. (2010). Young children use statistical sampling to infer the preferences of others. Psychological Science, 21(8), 1134–1140. pdficon_small

Lindley, D. V., & Novick, M. R. (1981). The role of exchangeability in inference. The Annals of Statistics, 9(1), 45–58. pdficon_small

Pickering, A. (1995). The mangle of practice: Time, agency, and science. University of Chicago Press.  41-512

Shaffer, D.W. (2005). Epistemography and the participant structures of a professional practicum: A story behind the story of Journalism 828. WCER Working Paper 2005-8. Wisconsin Center for Education Research, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Shaffer, D.W. (2007). How Computer Games Help Children Learn. New York, NY: Palgrave. 41-512

Shaffer, D.W., Borden, F., Srinivasan, A., Saucerman, J., Arastoopour, G., Collier, W., Ruis, A.R., & Frank, K.A. (2015). The nCoder: A technique for improving the utility of inter-rater reliability statistics. Epistemic Games Group Working Paper 2015-01. University of Wisconsin–Madison.

Shaffer, D.W., Collier, W., & Ruis, A.R. (2016). A tutorial on epistemic network analysis: Analyzing the structure of connections in cognitive, social, and interaction data. Journal of Learning Analytics, 3(3), 9–45.

Shaffer, D.W. & Ruis, A.R. (in press). Epistemic network analysis: A worked example of theory-based learning analytics. Handbook of Learning Analytics and Educational Data Mining.

Shaffer, D.W. & Serlin, R. (2004). What good are statistics that don’t generalize? Educational Researcher 33(9): 14-25.

Siebert-Evenstone, A. L., Arastoopour, G., Collier, W., Swiecki, Z., Ruis, A. R., & Shaffer, D. W. (2016). In search of conversational grain size: Modeling semantic structure using moving stanza windows. In C.-K. Looi, J. Polman, U. Cress, & P. Reimann (Eds.), Transforming learning, empowering learners: The International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS) 2016 (Vol. I, pp. 631–638). 

Stemler, S. E. (2001). An overview of content analysis. Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, 7(17), 137–146. 

Wilkinson, L. (1999). Statistical methods in psychology journals: Guidelines and explanations. American Psychologist, 54(8), 594.